Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

Behavioral repertoire of the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) in laboratory

Daniele Bezerra dos Santos, Cibele Soares Pontes

Downloads: 1
Views: 1035


An ethogram was prepared to characterize and describe the behavior of the prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in the laboratory so that its behavior would foreground in-depth analysis of the species´s culture. Sixty prawns were observed during 30 days through the ad libitum method, featuring one-hour continuous reports, at 07:00-08:00; 08:30-09:30; 10:00-11:00; 11:30-12:30; 13:00-14:00; 14:30-15:30; 16:00-17:00; 17:30-18:30. M. rosenbergii developed several behavioral activities with 28 categories and grouped in activity classes, such as, maintenance, locomotion, feeding and agonism. Characterization, description and understanding of the behavioral repertoire of M. rosenbergii through methodologies and observation tools typical of behavioral studies are an important step towards the improvement of technical management and welfare of the animal in captivity.


ethogram, freshwater shrimp farming, prawn


Aiken DL, Waddy SL (1988) Strategies for maximizing growth of communally reared juvenile American lobsters. World Aquaculture, 19:61–63.

Alcock J (2011) Comportamento animal: uma abordagem evolutiva. 10. ed. Artmed, Porto Alegre.

Ashley PJ (2007) Fish welfare: current issues in aquaculture. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 104:199–235.

Cobb JS, Phillips BF (1980) The biology and management of lobsters. Academic, New York.

Balasundaram C, Jeyachitra P, Balamurugan P (2004) Shelter preference in Macrobrachium spp. with reference to aquaculture. Acta Ethol., 7:95-101.

Barki A, Karplis I, Goren M (1991) The agonistic behaviour of the three male morphotypes of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (Crustacea, Paleomonidae). Behaviour, 116:251-276.

Barr S, Laming PR, Dick JTA, Elwood RW (2008) Nociception or pain in a decapod crustacean? Anim Behav., 75:745–751.

Bauer RT (2002) The ineffectiveness of grooming in prevention of body fouling in the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. Aquaculture, 208:39–49, 2002.

Brugiolo SSS (2007) Canibalismo em fêmeas de Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) (Crustacea, Paleomonidae): o efeito da retirada das quelas. Revista Portuguesa de Ciências Veterinárias, 102:561-562.

Cohen D,Ra’anan Z, Brody T (1981) Population perfil development and morfhotypic differentiation in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man). Journal of the World Mariculture Society, 12:231-243.

Correa C, Baeza JA, Dupré E, Hinojosa IA, Thiel M (2000) Mating behavior and fertilization success of three ontogenetic stages of male rock shrimp Rhynchocinetes typus (Decapoda: Caridea). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 20: 628-640.

Dall W, Hill BJ, Rothlisberg PC, Staples DJ (1990) The biology of the Penaeidae. In: Blaxter JHS, Southward AJ. Advances in Marine Biology. Academic press, San Diego.

Del-Claro K, Santos JC, Souza-Junior AD (2002) Etograma da formiga arborícola Cephalotes pusillus (Klug, 1824) (Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Revista de Etologia, 4:31-40.

Freitas EG, Nishida SM (2006) Métodos de Estudo do Comportamento Animal. In: Yamamoto ME, Volpato GL. Comportamento Animal. EdUFRN, Natal.

Fero K, Simon JL, Jourdie V, Moore PA (2007) Consequences of social dominance on crayfish resource use. Behaviour, 144: 61-82.

Fujimura T, Okamoto H (1970) Notes on progress made in developing a mass culture technique for (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) in Hawaii. Indo-Pacific Fisheries Council, 18–27.

Garvey JE, Stein RA, Thomas H (1994) Assessing how fish predation and interspecific prey competition influence a crayfish assemblage. Ecology, 75:532–547.

Grier JW (1984) Biology of Animal Behavior. Times Mirror/Mosby, St. Louis.

Huntingford F, Jobling M, Kadri S (2012) Aquaculture and behavior. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 357p.

Immelmann K (1980) Introduction to Ethology. Plenum Press, New York.

Karplus I, Samsonov E, Hulata G, Milstein, S (1989) Social control of growth in Macrobrachium rosenbergii I. The effect of claw ablation on survival and growth of communally raised prawns. Aquaculture, 80: 325–335.

Karplus I, Barki A, Cohen I (1991) Social Control in Macrobrachium rosenbergii. II. The “leapfrog” growth pattern. Aquaculture, 96:353-365.

Karplus, I (2005) Social control of growth in Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man): a review and prospects for future research. Aquaculture Research, 36:238-254.

Kunz AK, Ford M, Pung OJ (2006) Behavior of the grass shrimp Palaemonetes pugio and its response to the presence of the predatory fish Fundulus heteroclitus. Am. Midl. Nat., 155:286-291.

Kurihara Y, Okamoto K, Takeda S (1989) Preference of the grapsid crab, Hemigraspus penicillatus (De Haan) for an appropriate aperture. Mar Behav Physiol., 14:169–179.

Lawrence AB (2008) Applied animal behaviour science: past, present and future prospects. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 115:1-24.

Lawrence AB, Rushden J (1993) Stereotypic animal behaviour: fundamentals & applications. CAB International, Oxford.

Lehner PN (1996) Handbook of Ethological Methods. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Martin P, Bateson P (1993) Measuring Behavior, an Introduction Guide. 2ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Mariappan P, Balasundaram C (1999) Prevalence of limb loss in Macrobrachium nobilii (Decapoda: Caridea). Indian Journal Fish, 46:61-66.

Mitra G, Chattopadhyay DN, Mukhopadhyay PK (2005) Nutrition and feeding in freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) farming. Aqua Feeds: Formulation and Beyond, 2:17-19.

Millman ST, Duncan IJH, Stauffacher M, Stookey JM (2004) The impact of applied ethologists and the International Society for Applied Ethology in improving animal welfare. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 86:299-311.

New MBl (2010) Freshwater prawns: biology and farming. Oxford, England.

Oullette C, Boghen AD, Courtney SC, St-Hilairem A (2003) Influence of peat substrate on the distribution and behaviour patterns of sand shrimp, Cragon septemspinosa, under experimental conditions. Journal Appl. Ichthyol., 19:359-365.

Palomar NE, Juinio-Meñez MA, Karplus, I (2001) Feeding habits of the burrowing shrimp Alpheus macellarius. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 84:1199-1202.

Pontes CS, Arruda MF, Menezes AL, Lima PP (2006) Daily activity pattern of the marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone 1931) juveniles under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture Research, 37:1001-1006.

Pontes CS, Arruda MF (2005a) Comportamento de Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) (Crustácea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) em função da oferta do alimento artificial nas fases claras e escuras do período de 24 horas. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22:648-652.

Pontes CS, Arruda MF (2005b) Acesso ao alimento artificial e enchimento do trato digestivo do camarão marinho Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) durante as fases clara e escura do período de 24 horas. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22:1039-1043.

Pontes CS, Lima PP, Arruda M. (2008) Feeding responses of juvenile shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) fed at different frequencies under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture Research 39:1416-1422.

Rebach S, Dunham DW (1993) Studies in adaptation: the behaviour of higher crustacea. Wiley, New York.

Santos DB, Pontes CS, Campos, PMO, Arruda MF (2015) Behavioral profile of Macrobrachium rosenbergii in mixed and monosex culture submitted to shelters of different colors. Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences 37: 273-279.

Seagal E, Roe A (1975) Growth and behaviour of post-juvenile Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) in close confinement. Proc Annu Workshop World Mari Cult Soc., 6:67–88.

Sick LV, Beaty H (1974) Culture techniques and nutrition studies for larval stages of giant prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Techn. Rep. Ser., 74-5.

Silva PF, Arruda MF (2014) Social status and individual behavioral differences in juvenile Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 48:1-11.

Silva PF (2012) A study of feeding in the shrimp Farfantepenaeus subtilis indicates the value of species level behavioral data for optimizing culture management. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 1-14.

Short JW (2004) A revision of Australian river prawns, Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Paleomonidade). Hydrobiologia, 525:1-100.

Schmalbach ES, Qualckenbush RM (1994) A method for taggin the Malasyan prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Aquaculture, 122:147-159.

Sousa MC, Singer-Brugiolo SS (2001) Efeito da amputação das quelas sobre o comportamento canibalístico de Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) (Crustacea, Palaemonidae) em condições de laboratório. Revista Brasileira de Zoociências, 3:7-19.

Soderback, B (1994) Interaction among juveniles of two freshwater crayfish species and a predatory fish. Oceologia, 100:229–235.

Stein RA (1977) Selective predation, optimal foraging and the predator prey interaction between fish and crayfish. Ecology, 58:1237–1253.

Yamamoto ME, Volpatp GL (2011) Comportamento animal. EdUFRN, Natal.

Volpato G.L., Hoshino K. (1984) Adaptive processes derived from the agonistic behavior in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium iheringi (Ortmann, 1897). Boletim de Fisiologia Animal, 8:157-163.

Submitted date:

Reviewed date:

Accepted date:

5f934f3d0e8825d621485d91 jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J. Anim. Behav. Biometeorol.

Share this page
Page Sections