Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.14269/2318-1265/jabb.v3n4p120-123
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Short Communication Open Access

Behavior of pigs in the growth phase raised in an enriched environment

Ezza Karolliny Ferreira Vasconcelos, Laylson da Silva Borges, Ângela Lopes da Silva, Tiago Vieira de Andrade, Edna Teles dos Santos, Severino Cavalcante de Sousa Júnior, Leonardo Atta Farias

Downloads: 0
Views: 172

Abstract

In this study we aimed to evaluate the behavior of pigs raised in an enriched environment. 12 male piglets, hybrids between 35 and 105 days of age were used. We assessed the behavioral variables: sleeping, standing, lying down, exploring, wallowing, drinking, eating, leisure, digging, defecating, urinating, sitting, walking, vocalizing, biting, playing and fighting in environment with and without environmental enrichment. The results showed significant differences at 5% probability for the variables standing, lying down, wallowing, eating, digging, urinating, playing and fighting, with animals showing higher frequencies every twenty minutes for the variable standing (205), wallowing (44), urinating (23) and playing (29) in the environment with the presence of environmental enrichment. Thus, it was possible to ascertain that the behavior of the pigs evaluated in the growth phase is influenced by the presence of environmental enrichment.

Keywords

animal welfare, environmental enrichment, animal ethology, swine production

References

Campos JA, Tinôco IFF, Silva FF, Pupa JM, Silva JO (2010) Enriquecimento ambiental para leitões na fase de creche advindos de desmame aos 21 e 28 dias. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias 5:272-278.

Carvalho CMC, Antunes RC, Carvalho AP, Caires RM (2013) Bem estar na suinocultura. Revista Eletrônica Nutritime 11:2272-2286.

Fraser D, Ritchie JSD, Fraser AF (1975) The term “stress” in a veterinary context. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science 131:653-662.

Kiefer C, Moura MS, Silva EA, Santos AP, Silva CM, Luz MF, Nantes CL (2010) Respostas de suínos em terminação mantidos em diferentes ambientes térmicos. Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal 11:496-504.

Leite DMG, Silva MA, Medeiros RB, Saibro JC, Pavan MA, Zanella JA, Barrey MAA (2006) Comportamento de suínos submetidos a diferentes sistemas de pastejo em pastagem de trevo-branco. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 35:1774-1779.

Luz CSM, Barros Júnior CP, Fonseca WJL, Pessoa Filho JA, Veiga MCS, Sousa GGT, Sousa Júnior SC, Santos KR (2013) Estudo sobre correlações entre variáveis ambientais e mecanismos de termolise de calor de ovinos no Sul do Estado do Piaui. Pubvet 7:1525.

Mcglone JJ (2001) Farm animal welfare in the context of other society issues: toward sustainable systems. Livestock Production Science 72:75-81.

Pinheiro JV (2009) A pesquisa com bem estar animal tendo como alicerce o enriquecimento ambiental através da utilização de objeto suspenso no comportamento de leitões desmamados e seu efeito como novidade. Dissertação, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia da Universidade de São Paulo.

SAS Institute, SAS (Statistical Analysis System). User’s Guide. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc., 2002.


Submitted date:
07/19/2015

Reviewed date:
09/20/2015

Accepted date:
09/22/2015

5f946b8f0e8825641f485d90 jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J Anim Behav Biometeorol

Share this page
Page Sections