Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/2318-1265jabb.v5n2p56-63
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

The effects of weather on milk production in dairy sheep vary by month of lambing and lactation phase

Jose Alfonso Abecia, Angel Garcia, Laura Castillo, Carlos Palacios

Downloads: 0
Views: 92

Abstract

A total number of 609 bulk-tank milk controls on a dairy sheep farm in Spain were used to determine how weather affects milk production in sheep, related to lambing period and lactation phase. Data from individuals were assigned to one of five lactation periods based on the timing of lambing: FEB (n=124); APR (n=141); JUL (n=114); SEP (n=102), and NOV (n=128). Milk yield per ewe per day was calculated as total milk volume/number of ewes milked. Lactation was divided into three phases: Early-lactation (from lambing to month 2), Mid-lactation (from month 3 to 7), and Late-lactation (month 8). Milk yield per ewe was higher (P<0.01) in SEP than in FEB, APR, or NOV; production peaked in JUL and was lowest in FEB. In lactations initiated in JUL and SEP, milk yield per ewe per day was higher (P<0.05) in early lactation than it was in the other lambing periods; however, in APR and SEP, per ewe production was highest (P<0.01) in mid-lactation. Milk yield in each of the five lambing periods was significantly (P=0.001) associated with several meteorological variables, and the strongest (R2=0.732) was with solar radiation and minimum temperature in the APR lactation period. In all lactation periods, the relationship between milk yield and weather differed among the three phases of lactation. In conclusion, the effects of meteorological conditions on milk yield in sheep cannot be understood without assessing production among milking periods in the same year and the phases of lactation, especially if milking periods are long.

Keywords

meteorology, month, ovine

References

Arrébola FA, Abecia JA, Forcada F, Garcia A, Martín RA, Mesa O (2009) Effects of annual rainfall and farm on lamb production after treatment with melatonin implants in Merino sheep  a 4-year study. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 57:141–145.

Barash H, Silanikove N, Shamay A, Ezra E (2001) Interrelationships among ambient temperature, day length and milk yield in dairy cows under a Mediterranean climate. Journal of Dairy Science 84:2314–2320.

Blackshaw JK, Blackshaw AW (1994) Heat stress in cattle and the effect of shade on production and behaviour a review. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 34:285-295.

Bohmanova J, Misztal I, Colet JB (2007) Temperature-humidity indices as indicators of milk production losses due to heat stress. Journal of Dairy Science 90:1947–1956.

Caroprese M, Albenzio M, Bruno A, Fedele V, Santillo A, Sevi A (2011) Effect of solar radiation and flaxseed supplementation on milk production and fatty acid profile of lactating ewes under high ambient temperature. Journal of Dairy Science 94:3856–3867.

Carta A, Sanna SR, Casu S (1995) Estimating lactation curves and seasonal effects for milk, fat and protein in Sarda dairy sheep with a test day model. Livestock Production Science 44:37-44.

Cincović MR, Belić BM, Toholj BD, Radović IV, Vidović BR (2010) The influence of THI values at different periods of lactation on milk quality and characteristics of lactation curve. Journal of Agricultural Science 55:235-241.

Echeverri-Zuluaga JJ, Restrepo LF (2009) Efecto meteorológico sobre la producción y calidad de la leche en dos Municipios de Antioquia – Colombia. [Meteorological effect on milk production and quality in two villages of Antioquia, Colombia] Revista del Centro de Investigación. Universidad La Salle 6:50-57.

Eyal E, Lawi A, Folman Y, Morag M (1978) Lamb and milk production of a flock of dairy ewes under an accelerated breeding regime. Journal of Agricultural Science 91:69-79.

Finch VF (1985) Comparison of Non-evaporative heat transfer in different cattle breeds. Australian Journal of Agriculture Research 36:497-508.

Finocchiaro R, van Kaam JBCHM, Portolano B, Misztal I (2005) Effect of heat stress on production of Mediterranean dairy sheep. Journal of Dairy Science 88:1855–1864.

Finocchiaro R, van Kaam JBCHM, Portolano B (2007) Effect of weather conditions on somatic cell score in Sicilian Valle del Belice ewes. Italian Journal of Animal Science 6:130-132.

Gomes Da Silva RG (2006) Weather and climate and animal production. In Guide to agricultural meteorological practices GAMP. http //www.agrometeorology.org/files-folder/repository/gamp_chap_11.pdf. Accessed 20 Jan 2017.

Gootwine E, Pollott GE (2000) Factors affecting milk production in Improved Awassi dairy ewes. Animal Science 71:607-615.

IBM Corp (2013) IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY  IBM Corp.

Lewis RM, Notter DR, Hogue DE, Magee BH (1996) Ewe fertility in the STAR accelerated lambing system. Journal of Animal Science 74:1511–1522.

Lu CD (1989) Effects of heat stress on goat production. Small Ruminant Research 2: 151-162.

Marai IFM, El-Darawany AA, Fadiel A, Abdel-Hafez MAM (2007) Physiological traits as affected by heat stress in sheep—a review. Small Ruminant Research 71:1–12.

Menegatos J, Goulas C, Kalogiannis D (2006) The productivity, ovarian and thyroid activity of ewes in an accelerated lambing system in Greece. Small Ruminant Research 65:209–216.

Naskar S, Gowane GR, Chopra A, Paswan C, Prince LLL (2012) Genetic Adaptability of Livestock to Environmental Stresses. In: Sejian V, Naqvi SMK, Ezeji T, Lakritz J, Lal R (ed) Environmental Stress and Amelioration in Livestock Production.   Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp 317-378.

Novák P, Vokřálová J, Knížková I, Kunc P, Rožnovský J (2007) The influence of high ambient temperatures in particular stages of lactation on milk production of Holstein dairy cows. In:  Střelcová K, Škvarenina J, Blaženec M (ed) Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards. Poľana nad Detvou.

Novák P, Vokřálová J, Broucek J (2009) Effects of the stage and number of lactation on milk yield of dairy cows kept in open barn during high temperatures in summer months. Archiv fur Tierzucht 52:574-586.

Peana I, Fois G, Cannas A (2007) Effects of heat stress and diet on milk production and feed and energy intake of Sarda ewes. Italian Journal of Animal Science 6:577-579.

Phelan P, Morgan ER, Rose H, Grant J, O’kiely, P (2016) Predictions of future grazing season length for European dairy, beef and sheep farms based on regression with bioclimatic variables. Journal of Agricultural Science 154:765–781.

Pluske JM, Slade AM, Vercoe PE (2010) A Weather and wether  effects of wind, temperature and rain on sheep feedlot production. Australasian Agribusiness Review 18:11.

Ramón M, Díaz C, Pérez-Guzman MD, Carabaño MJ (2016) Effect of exposure to adverse climatic conditions on production in Manchega dairy sheep. Journal of Dairy Science 99:1–16.

Salama AAK, Caja G, Hamzaouia S, Badaoui B, Castro-Costa A, Facanha DAE, Guilhermino MM, Bozzi R (2014) Different levels of response to heat stress in dairy goats. Small Ruminant Research 121:73–79.

Scocco P, Piermarteri K, Malfatti A, Tardella FM, Catorci A (2016) Short communication  Effects of summer rainfall variations on sheep body state and farming sustainability in sub-Mediterranean pastoral systems. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 14:e03SC02.

Sevi A, Annicchiarico G,   Albenzio M,  Taibi L, Muscio A, Dell’Aquila S (2001) Effects of solar radiation and feeding time on behavior, immune response and production of lactating ewes under high ambient temperature. Journal of Dairy Science 84:629-640.

Silanikove N (2000) Effects of heat stress on the welfare of extensively managed domestic ruminants. Livestock Production Science 67:1–18.

West JW, Mullinix BG, Bernard JK (2003) Effects of hot, humid weather on milk temperature, dry matter intake, and milk yield of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86:232–242.


Submitted date:
02/01/2017

Reviewed date:
02/21/2017

Accepted date:
03/02/2017

5f92d0e70e8825407e485d94 jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J Anim Behav Biometeorol

Share this page
Page Sections