Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/2318-1265jabb.v7n4p155-159
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

Effects of sublethal zinc ions and acute crude oil exposure on serum enzymes activity of Carassius gibelio

Mohammed Abdulridha Aldoghachi, Faleh Musa Al-Zaidy, Layla Mustafa AlKatrani

Downloads: 0
Views: 397

Abstract

The current study was intended to investigate the responses of freshwater fish Carassius gibelio as an in vivo model by measuring the activity of the enzyme of the liver. Fish exposed to sub-lethal toxicities due to zinc metal and crude oil. Fish were treated to 0.6 and 1.2 mg/l for zinc ions as well as 500 and 2500 mg/l for crude oil during 96h, and the alterations in serum enzyme activities were determined aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Zinc toxicity elevated activity level in hepatic enzymes in a significant way (P < 0.05). The present study appeared the slightly augmented levels of AST in the serum of C. gibelio when exposed to sub-lethal Zinc concentration while the serum ALT activity increased in response to the high level of Zn exposure when compared to control after (96 h). In addition, acute concentrations of crude oil after 96 h exposure can cause harmful effects on Carassius gibelio including the induction of (AST). However, not effecting found (ALT). We are concluded that changes in the activity of the enzyme can be considered as a pointer of the pollution impact in fish.

Keywords

zinc, crude oil, Carassius gibelio, AST, ALT, enzymes activity

References

Aldoghachi MA, Azirun MS, Yusoff I and Ashraf M (2016) Ultrastructural effects on gill tissues induced in red tilapia Oreochromis sp. By a waterborne lead. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 23:634-640.

Al-khashali M Sh, Al-Shawi S (2013) Effect of salt stress on ALT and AST enzymes activity and cortisol level in adult of Carassius auratus. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 12:97-100.

Cocarta DM, Stoian M, Karademir A (2017) Crude oil contaminated sites: evaluation by using risk assessment approach. Sustainability 9:1365.

Cruz, ZM, de Castro R, Virgens A,  Júnior R, Silva A, Ramo, A (2013) Biochemical and cellular changes in Oreochromis niloticus related to the water pollution of a degraded river. Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences 35:419-427.

Edori OS, Dibofori-Orji A, Edori E (2013) Biochemical Changes In Plasma and Liver of Clarias Gariepinus Exposed To Paraquat. Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 8:35-39.

Filippov AA, Golovanova I, Aminov A (2013) Effects of organic pollutants on fish digestive enzymes: a review. Inland Water Biology 6:155–160. 

Fırat O, Cogun H, Yuzereroglu T, Gok G, Kargin F, Kotemen Y (2011) A comparative study on the effects of a pesticide (cypermethrin) and two metals (copper, lead) to serum biochemistry of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Fish Physiol Biochem 37:657–666.

Gabriel UU, Obomanu F, Edori O (2010) Biochemical changes in hybrid catfish (Heterobranchus bidorsalis and Clarias gariepinus) treated with nuracron. Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology 16:353-357.

 Gad NS (2011) Oxidative stress and antioxidant enzymes in Oreochromis niloticus as biomarkers of exposure to crude oil pollution. International Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 1:49-58.

Hedayati A, Jahanbakhshi A (2013) Hematotoxic effects of direct infusion of crude diesel oil on juvenile great sturgeon Huso huso. Comparative Clinical Pathology 22:1117-1122. 

Jasim MA, Azirun M, Yusoff I, Rahman M (2016) Bioaccumulation and Histopathological Changes induced by Toxicity of Mercury (HgCl2) to Tilapia Fish Oreochromis niloticus. Sains Malaysiana 45:119–127.

Jawad L, Al-Faisal A, Mukhtar M (2012) Presence of the Non-Indigenous Fish Species, Gibel Carp, Carassius gibelio (Family: Cyprinidae) in Basrah Province Freshwater Systems, Iraq. Water Research and Management 2:41-44.

Kosti E, Perdikaris C, Athanassopoulou F, Chantzaropoulos A, Vavatsikos M, Ergolavou A, Bithava C, Paschos I (2008) Use of Prussian carp Carassius gibelio, pituitaries in the artificial propagation of female common carp, Cyprinus carpio. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria 38:121–125.

Li ZH, Labek V, Velisek J, Grabic R, Machová J, Kolařová J, Li P, Randák T (2011) Antioxidant responses and plasma biochemical characteristics in the freshwater rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, after acute exposure to the fungicide propiconazole. Czech Journal of Animal Science 56:61–69.

Naveed A, Janaiah C, Venkateshwarlu P (2011) The effects of lihocin toxicity on protein metabolism of the fresh water edible fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch). Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences 3:18–23.

Orbea A, Cajaraville M (2006) Peroxisome proliferation and antioxidant enzymes in transplanted mussels of four basque estuaries with different levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and polychlorinated biphenyl pollution. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25:1616-1626.

Palanivelu V, Vijayavel K, Ezhilar S, Balasubramanian M  (2005) Influence of insecticidal derivative (Cartap Hydrochloride) from the marine poly- chaete on certain enzyme systems of the freshwater fish Oreochromis mossambicus. Journal of Environmental Biology 26:191–196

Qiu T, Xie P, Guo L, Zhang D (2009) Plasma biochemical responses of the planktivorous filter-feeding silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) to prolonged toxic cyanobacterial blooms in natural waters. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 27:350–356.

Rahimikia E (2017) Analysis of antioxidants and serum biochemical responses in goldfish under nickel exposure by sub-chronic test. Journal of Applied Animal Research 45:320–325.

Rosa J, Tiago DM, Dias J, Cancela M and Laizé V (2010). Serum‐specific stimulation of proliferation and mineralization of fish bone‐derived cells. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26:251‐256.

Rostami KH, Soltani M (2016).Effects of acute crude oil exposure on basic physiological functions of Persian sturgeon, Acipenser persicus. Caspian Journal of Environmental Science 14:43-53.

Tchounwou PB, Yedjou CG, Patlolla AK, Sutton DJ (2012) Heavy Metal Toxicity and the Environment. In: Luch A. (eds) Molecular, Clinical and Environmental Toxicology. Experientia Supplementum, vol 101. Springer, Basel. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7643-8340-4_6.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2002) Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents and receiving water to fresh water and marine organisms, 5th ed. EPA -821-R-02-012. Final report, Office of water, Washington, DC.

Varol M, Sunbul M (2017) Organochlorine pesticide, antibiotic and heavy metal residues in mussel, crayfish and fish species from a reservoir on the Euphrates River, Turkey. Environmental Pollution 230:311-319

Yousafzai MA, Shakoori R (2011) Hepatic response of a fresh water fish against aquatic pollution. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 43:209-221.

Yuanyyuan W, Qixing Z, Shengwei P, Lena M, Xiaowei N (2009) Toxic effects of crude-oil-contaminated soil in aquatic environment on Carassius auratus and their hepatic antioxidant defense system. Journal of Environmental Sciences 21:612-617.

Zang L, Shimada Y, Nishimura Y, Tanaka T, Nishimura N (2015) Repeated blood collection for blood tests in adult zebrafish. Journal of Visualized Experiments 102:53272.

Zhang JF, Wang X, Guo H, Wu J, Xue Y (2004) Effects of water-soluble fractions of diesel oil on the antioxidant defenses of the goldfish, Carassius auratus. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 58:110-116.

Zikic RV, Stajn S, Pavlovic Z, Ognjanovic B, Saicic Z (2001) Activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase in erytrocyte and plasma transaminases of goldfish (Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch.) exposed to cadmium. Physiological Research 50:105–111.


Submitted date:
04/06/2019

Reviewed date:
05/18/2019

Accepted date:
05/21/2019

5f8de3a10e8825ec26cb468a jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J Anim Behav Biometeorol

Share this page
Page Sections