Alleviation of heat stress in broiler chicken using turmeric (Curcuma longa) - a short review
Heat stress is one of the most crucial issues in broiler production, particularly in tropical regions. Thermal stress may pose several problems related to growth, feed intake, nutrient utilization, physiological condition, immune function, intestinal ecology, and morphology as well as the antioxidant system in the body of chickens. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is rich in curcumin, which can serve as an antioxidant. Being part of the nutritional interventions, treatment using turmeric has been documented to alleviate the negative impact of heat stress on broiler chickens, in terms of production, physiology, immunology, and antioxidant status of broilers. The present review elucidates the alleviation of heat stress in broiler chicken using turmeric based on the most recent literature.
Adegoke AV, Abimbola MA, Sanwo KA, Egbeyale LT, Abiona JA, Oso AO, Iposu SO (2018) Performance and blood biochemistry profile of broiler chickens fed dietary turmeric (Curcuma longa) powder and cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens) powders as antioxidants. Veterinary and Animal Science 6:95-102.
Ahlawat PK, Dalal R, Sonu, Tewatia BS, Panwar VS, Sheoran N (2018) Antimicrobial effect of dietary supplementation of turmeric powder in intestine of broilers. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7:2244-2251.
Akhavan-Salamat H, Ghasemi HA (2016) Alleviation of chronic heat stress in broilers by dietary supplementation of betaine and turmeric rhizome powder: dynamics of performance, leukocyte profile, humoral immunity, and antioxidant status. Tropical Animal Health and Production 48:181-188.
Akter J, Hossain MA, Takara K, Islam MZ, Hou DX (2019) Antioxidant activity of different species and varieties of turmeric (Curcuma spp): Isolation of active compounds. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology 215:9-17.
AL-Sultan SI (2003) The effect of Curcuma longa (tumeric) on overall performance of broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science 2:351-353.
Al-Sultan SI, Abdel-Raheem SM, Abd-Allah SMS, Edris AM (2019) Alleviation of chronic heat stress in broilers by dietary supplementation of novel feed additive combinations. Slovenian Veterinary Research 56(Suppl 22):269-79.
Amr EMM, Ghada OED, Abdel-Azeem SAA, Khaled IEE (2017) Investigation of biochemical and immunological effects of both corticosterone and turmeric powder in broiler chickens. Animal Health Research Journal 5:498-510.
Baghban P, Daneshyar M, Najafi R (2016) Effects of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa) powders on performance, enzyme activity, and blood parameters of broiler chickens under heat stress. Poultry Science Journal 4:47-53.
Boroumand N, Samarghandian S, Hashemy SI (2018) Immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects of curcumin. Journal of Herbmed Pharmacology 7:211-219.
Brewer MS (2011) Natural Antioxidants: Sources, Compounds, Mechanisms of Action, and Potential Applications. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 10:221-247.
Candra AA, Putri D (2020) Application turmeric as antioxidant for broiler chickens. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1450 (2020) 012058. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1450/1/012058
Chakraborty PS, Ali SA, Kaushik S, Ray RK, Yadav RP, Rai MK, Singh D, Bhakat AK, Singh VK, John MD, Das KC, Prasad VG, Nain SS, Singh M, Chandra PK, Singh DK, Rai Y, Singh P, Singh O, Singh AKN, Shah M, Pradhan PK, Bavaskar R, Debata L, Nayak C, Singh V, Singh K (2011) Curcuma longa- A multicentric clinical verification study. Indian Journal of Research in Homeopathy 5:19-27.
Devi GS, Prasad MH, Saraswathi I, Raghu D, Rao DN, Reddy PP (2000) Free radicals antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in different types of leukemias. Clinica Chimica Acta 293:53-62.
El-Maaty A, Hayam MA, Rabie MH, El-Khateeb AY (2014) Response of heat-stressed broiler chicks to dietary supplementation with some commercial herbs. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 9:743-755.
He X, Lu Z, Ma B, Zhang L, Li J, Jiang Y, Zhou G, Gao F (2018) Effects of chronic heat exposure on growth performance, intestinal epithelial histology, appetite‐related hormones and genes expression in broilers. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 98:4471-4478.
Hewlings SJ, Kalman DS (2017) Curcumin: a review of its’ effects on human health. Foods 6:92.
Hosseini-Vashan SJ, Golian A, Yaghobfar A (2015) Effects of turmeric rhizome powder and source of oil in diet on blood metabolites, immune system and antioxidant status in heat stressed broiler chickens. Journal of Livestock Science and Technologies. 3:13-20.
Hosseini-Vashan SJ, Golian A, Yaghobfar A (2016) Growth, immune, antioxidant, and bone responses of heat stress exposed broilers fed diets supplemented with tomato pomace. International Journal of Biometeorology 60:1183-9112.
Hosseini-Vashan SJ, Golian A, Yaghobfar A, Zarban A, Afzali N, Esmaeilinasab P (2012) Antioxidant status, immune system, blood metabolites and carcass characteristic of broiler chickens fed turmeric rhizome powder under heat stress. African Journal of Biotechnology 11:16118-16125.
Hu X, Guo Y (2008) Corticosterone administration alters small intestinal morphology and function of broiler chickens. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 21:1773-1778.
Huang S, Yang H, Rehman MU, Tong Z (2018) Acute heat stress in broiler chickens and its impact on serum biochemical and electrolyte parameters. Indian Journal of Animal Research 52:683-686.
Isroli I, Yudiarti T, Widiastuti E, Sugiharto S (2017) Effect of decocted turmeric on performance, hematological parameters and carcass traits of broiler chickens. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture 42:263-269.
Kahkhaie KR, Mirhosseini A, Aliabadi A, Mohammadi A, Mousavi MJ, Haftcheshmeh SM, Sathyapalan T, Sahebkar A (2019) Curcumin: a modulator of inflammatory signaling pathways in the immune system. Inflammopharmacology. 27:885-900.
Kamel NN, Ahmed AMH, Mehaisen GMK, Mashaly MM, Abass AO (2017) Depression of leukocyte protein synthesis, immune function and growth performance induced by high environmental temperature in broiler chickens. International Journal of Biometeorology 61:1637-1645.
Liu QW, Feng JH, Chao Z, Chen Y, Wei LM, Wang F, Sun RP, Zhang MH (2016) The influences of ambient temperature and crude protein levels on performance and serum biochemical parameters in broilers. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 100:301-308.
Madenspacher JH, Draper DW, Smoak KA, Li H, Griffiths GL, Suratt BT, Wilson MD, Rudel LL, Fessler MB (2010) Dyslipidemia induces opposing effects on intrapulmonary and extrapulmonary host defense through divergent TLR response phenotypes. Journal of Immunology 185:1660-1669.
Namagirilakshmi S, Selvaraj P, Nanjappan K, Jayachandran S, Visha P (2010) Turmeric (Curcuma longa) as an alternative to in-feed antibiotic on the gut health of broiler chickens. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 6:148-150.
Ohtsu H, Yamazaki M, Abe H, Murakami H, Toyomizu M (2015) Heat stress modulates cytokine gene expression in the spleen of broiler chickens. Journal of Poultry Science 52:282-287.
Olfati A, Mojtahedin A, Sadeghi T, Akbari M, Martínez-Pastor F (2018) Comparison of growth performance and immune responses of broiler chicks reared under heat stress, cold stress and thermoneutral conditions. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 16:e0505.
Papież MA, Kaja M, Gêbarowska A (2008) Age-dependent different action of curcumin in thyroid of rat. Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 46:205-211.
Rajput N, Muhammad N, Yan R, Zhong X, Wang T (2013) Effect of dietary supplementation of curcumin on growth performance, intestinal morphology and nutrients utilization of broiler chicks. Journal of Poultry Science 50:44-52.
Reddy AC, Lokesh BR (1994) Effect of dietary turmeric (Curcuma longa) on iron-induced lipid peroxidation in the rat liver. Food and Chemical Toxicology 32:279-283.
Sadeghi AA, Moghaddam M (2018) The effects of turmeric, cinnamon, ginger and garlic powder nutrition on antioxidant enzymes’ status and hormones involved in energy metabolism of broilers during heat stress. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science 8:125-130.
Samarasinghe K, Wenk C, Silva KFST, Gunasekera JMDM (2003) Turmeric (Curcuma longa) root powder and mannanoligosaccharides as alternatives to antibiotics in broiler chicken diets. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 16:1495-1500.
Santos RR, Awati A, Roubos-van den Hil PJ, van Kempen TATG, Tersteeg-Zijderveld MHG, Koolmees PA, Smits C, Fink-Gremmels J (2019) Effects of a feed additive blend on broilers challenged with heat stress. Avian Pathology 48:582-601.
Sayrafi R, Hosseini SM, Ahmadi MA (2017) The protective effects of nanocurcumin on liver toxicity induced by salinomycin in broiler chickens. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 168:136-142.
Shi D, Bai L, Qu Q, Zhou S, Yang M, Guo S, Li Q, Liu C (2019) Impact of gut microbiota structure in heat-stressed broilers. Poultry Science 98:2405-2413.
Sugiharto S, Isroli I, Widiastuti E, Prabowo N (2011) Effect of turmeric extract on blood parameters, feed efficiency and abdominal fat content in broilers. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture 36:21-26.
Sugiharto S, Yudiarti T, Isroli I, Widiastuti E, Putra FD (2017a) Effect of dietary supplementation with Rhizopus oryzae or Chrysonilia crassa on growth performance, blood profile, intestinal microbial population, and carcass traits in broilers exposed to heat stress. Archives Animal Breeding 60:347-356.
Sugiharto S, Yudiarti T, Isroli I, Widiastuti E, Kusumanti E (2017b) Dietary supplementation of probiotics in poultry exposed to heat stress - a review. Annals of Animal Science 17:591-604.
Sugiharto S, Yudiarti T, Isroli I, Widiastuti E, Wahyuni HI, Sartono TA (2019) Fermented feed as a potential source of natural antioxidants for broiler chickens – a mini review. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 84:313-318.
Swathi B, Gupta PSP, Nagalakshmi D, Raju MVLN (2016) Efficacy of turmeric (Curcuma longa) as antioxidant in combating heat stress in broiler chicken. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 51:48-53.
Tanvir EM, Hossen MS, Hossain MF, Afroz R, Gan SH, Khalil MI, Karim N (2017) Antioxidant properties of popular turmeric (Curcuma longa) varieties from Bangladesh. Journal of Food Quality 2017:8471785.
Xie Z, Shen G, Wang Y, Wu C (2019) Curcumin supplementation regulates lipid metabolism in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 98:422-429.
Xu Y, Lai X, Li Z, Zhang X, Luo Q (2018) Effect of chronic heat stress on some physiological and immunological parameters in different breed of broilers. Poultry Science 97:4073-4082.
Zaytsoff SJM, Brown CLJ, Montina T, Metz GAS, Abbott DW, Uwiera RRE, Inglis GD (2019) Corticosterone-mediated physiological stress modulates hepatic lipid metabolism, metabolite profiles, and systemic responses in chickens. Scientific Reports 9:19225.
Zeinali A, Kermanshahi H, Riasi A, Farhangfar H, Sarir H, Ziaie H (2011) Effect of sodium selenite and turmeric powder on thyroid hormones and plasma lipids of broiler chickens under heat stress condition. Global Veterinaria 6:237-240.
Zhang JF, Bai KW, Su WP, Wang AA, Zhang LL, Huang KH, Wang T (2019) Curcumin attenuates heat-stress-induced oxidant damage by simultaneous activation of GSH-related antioxidant enzymes and Nrf2-mediated phase II detoxifying enzyme systems in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 97:1209-1219.