Behavior and blood profile in Friesian-Holstein dairy cows in the special region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Mohammad Firdaus Hudaya, Pradita Iustitia Sitaresmi, Cuk Tri Noviandi, Budi Prasetyo Widyobroto, Diah Tri Widayati
The background of this study was blood profile and cows' behavior that could be used as a tool to diagnose reproductive status in the dairy cows. This research was aimed to determine biochemical blood profile, progesterone level, and behaviors of Friesian Holstein crossbreed dairy cow in the tropical climates. Fifteen Friesian-Holstein crossbreeds cows, in early lactation, reared by local farmers were divided into two barn types: individual and groups of cows. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein using a 22G needle on days 0, 14, and 28. For the determination of blood profile, blood was collected into Vacuntainer® blood tubes containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) to arrest glycolysis. The blood was transported to the laboratory with a coolbox. The concentration of progesterone in plasma was assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a commercial kit and the biochemical blood profile serum was measured by using microlab 300. The variables observed were glucose, cholesterol, urea, and non-pregnant progesterone. Data obtained was examined by T-test analysis. The result showed that the Temperature-Humidity Index were 81.3 and 79.6 respectively, there were no significant differences between two observation, in terms of total feeding time (3.06±0.48 and 2.91±0.22 hours/day), total water consumption (86.23±0.58 and 85.37±0.88 l/day), total standing (12.70±0.21 and 12.83±0.34 hours/day), total laying (11.30±0.71 and 11.16±0.62 hours/day). The blood profile and progesterone levels were lower than the normal range in dairy cows. Also, the result indicated that blood parameters were not significantly different (P > 0.05) between individual pen and group. The result indicated that the progesterone level was not significant in two models of management dairy cows. The conclusion of the research is the climate can affect behavior and the blood parameters. Blood profiles below normal range affect fertility in Friesian-Holstein crossbreed dairy cows.
Adewuyi AA, E Gurys, and van Eerdenburg FJCM (2005) Non esterified fatty acids (NEFA) in dairy cattle. A review. Veterinary Quarterly 27:117–126.
Ahmad I, Lodhi LA, Qureshi ZI, Younis M (2004) Studies on blood glucose, total protein, urea and cholesterol levels in cyclic, non-cyclic and endometritic crossbred cows. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 24:92-94.
Astuti P (2000) Comparison Of Progesterone Contained In Various Samples (Blood, Milk, Urine) Using Radioimmunoassay Techniques. Bulletin Petemakan 24:51-56.
Baumgard LH, Wheelock JB, Sanders SR, et al. 2011. Postabsorptive carbo-hydrate adaptations to heat stress and monensin supplementation in lactating Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94:5620-33.
Bezerra LR, Gonzaga Neto S, Medeiros AN, Mariz TM de A, Oliveira RL, Cândido, EP and Silva AMA (2013) Feed restriction followed by re-alimentation in prepubescent Zebu females. Tropical Animal Health and Production 45:1161-1169.
Bond J, McDowell RE (1972) Repoductive performance and physiological responses of beef females as affected by a prolonged high environmental temperature. Journal of Animal Science 35:820-829.
Chimonyo M, Hamudikuwana H, Kusina NT, Ncube I (2002) Changes in stress-related plasma metabolite concentrations in working Mashona cows on dietary supplementation. Livestock Production Science 73:165-173.
Collier, RJ, Dahl GE, VanBaale, MJ (2006) Major advances associated with environmental effects on dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 89:1244-1253.
Damptey JK, Obese FY, Aboagye GS, Ayim-Akonor M, Ayizanga RA (2014) Blood metabolite concentrations and postpartum resumption of ovarian cyclicity in sanga cows. South African Journal of Animal Science 44:10-17.
Hardjopranjoto HS (1995) Ilmu Kemajiran pada Ternak (Science of Infertility on Livestock). Airlangga University Press, Surabaya.
Hess BW, Lake SL, Scholljegerdes EJ, Weston TR, Nayigihugu V, Molle JDC, Moss GE (2005) Nutritional controls of beef cow reproduction. Journal of Animal Science 83:90-106.
Khan HM, TK Mohanty, M Bhakat, VS Raina and AK Gupta (2009) Effect of season on reproductive performance of buffaloes at an organized farm. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 30:6-9
Kohn RA, Dinneen MM, Russek-Cohen E (2005) Using blood urea nitrogen to predict nitrogen excretion and efficiency of nitrogen utilization in cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, and rats. Journal of Animal Science 83:879-889
Murray RK, DK Granner, PA Mayes, and VW Rodwell (2003) Harper Biochemistry. 25th Edition. EGC Publisher, Jakarta.
Nagy TR, Krzywanski D, Li J, Meleth S, and Desmond R (2002) effect of group vs. Single housing on Phenotypic Variance in C57BL/6J Mice. Obesity Research 10:412-415.
National Research Council (2001) Nutrients requirements of dairy cattle. 7th Ed.,Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 408.
Oguike MO, Okocha NL (2008) Reproductive performance of rabbits remated at different intervals post- partum. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3:412-415.
Piccione G, Messina V, Marafioti S, Casella S, Giannetto C, Fazio F (2012) Changes of some haematochemical parameters in dairy cows during late gestation, post partum, lactation and dry periods. Veterinarija ir zootechnika 58:59-64.
Reynolds CK (2006) Production and metabolic effects of site of starch digestion in lactating dairy cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology 130:78-94.
Salem, MB, M Djemali, C Kayouli and A Majdoub (2006) A review of environmental and management factors affecting the reproductive performance of Holstein-Friesian dairy herds in Tunisia. Livestock Research for Rural development 18:4.
Sitaresmi PI, Widyobroto BP, Bintara S, and Widayati DT (2017) Progesterone and biochemical profile of Ettawa-Saanen Crossbreed Goats in Turi Area, Yogyakarta-Indonesia. International Journal of Dairy Science 12:289-294.
Skalicky M, Narath E, and Viidik A (2001) Housing conditions influence the survival and body composition of ageing rats. Experimental Gerontology 36:159-170.
Suherman, D. dan B. P. Purwanto (2015) Respon fisiologis sapi perah dara fries holland yang diberi konsenstrat dengan tingkat yang berbeda. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia 10:13-21.
Świątkiewicz J, Koreleski A, Arczewska (2010) Laying performance and eggshell quality in laying hens fed diets supplemented with prebiotics and organic acids. Czech Journal of Animal Science 7:294–306.
Vance ER, Ferris CP, Elliott CT, Kilpatrick DJ (2010) Food intake and feeding behaviour of Holstein-Friesian and Jersey x Holstein-Friesian crossbreed dairy cows. Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science and the Agricultural Research Forum. Cambridge University Press. United Kingdom. 1:141.
Vandeplassche M (1982) Reproductive Efficiency in Cattle: A Guidelinefor Project in Developing Countries. FAO. Rome.
Wang JP, Bu DP, Wang JQ (2010) Effect of saturated fatty acid supple-mentation on production and metabolism indices in heat-stressed mid-lactation dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 93:4121-7.
Wettemann R, Lents C, Ciccioli N, White F, Rubio I (2003) Nutritional and suckling mediated anovulation in beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 81:48-59.
Whitaker DA, Goodger WJ, Garcia M, Perera BMAO, Wittwer F (1999) Use of metabolic profiles in dairy cattle in tropical and subtropical countries on smallholder dairy farms. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 38:119-131
Widayati DT, Sitaresmi PI, Bintara S, Widyobroto BP (2018) Estrus detection through vaginal pH in Saanen Ettawah Crossbreed goats. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 21:383-386.
Williamson G, Payne WJA (1993) Pengantar Peternakan di Daerah Tropis. Diterjemahkan oleh: S.G.N. Djiwa Darmaja dan Ida Bagus Jagra. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
Yani A, Purwanto BP (2006) Pengaruh Iklim Mikro Terhadap Respon Fisiologis Sapi Peranakan Frisian Holstein dan Modifikasi Lingkungan Untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitasnya. Media PeternakanBogor 29:35-46.
Yani A, Suhardiyanto H, Hasbullah R, dan Purwanto BP (2007) Analisis dan Simulasi Distribusi Suhu Udara Pada Kandang Sapi Perah Menggunakan Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Media Peternakan. Bogor 30:218-228.