Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/jabb.20040
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Research Article Open Access

Flavored sisal ropes as environmental enrichment for nursery piglets

Janaina Cristina da Silva Maciel de Souza, Laya Kannan Silva Alves, Eduarda Buck Bernardes Guimarães, Gabriela dos Santos Madella, Bruno Braga Carnino, Emilye Izabele Cristina de Moraes, Pedro Ventura Dibo, Nicolas Carvalho Braga, Johnny Maciel de Souza, Bo Zhou, Cesar Augusto Pospissil Garbossa

Downloads: 0
Views: 29

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavior of piglets in the nursery phase in the presence of pure sisal ropes, soaked with different flavors as a means of environmental enrichment. Sixty-four piglets with 35 days of age in the nursery phase were used, piglets were randomly distributed in a completely randomized design in 16 pens, with four animals in each pen and there was no separation of pens by group. Three treatments were used: Pure rope (PR) which was considered the control of the pen, rope soaked in vanilla essence and sugar (SV), and rope soaked in coffee (SC). An ethogram was prepared for observations of the following behavioral parameters, eating, drinking, urinating, defecating, lying down, standing, playful, and others. The parameters were measured every 10 minutes in a total of three daily assessments with two hours each for a period of three days. There was a greater preference of piglets for the SV rope with a percentage of 63.2% in the observations of the interactions. A possible justification for the result is the fact that this rope is the most palatable for piglets since piglets prefer sweet tastes. The PR rope aroused curiosity in the piglets, with a percentage of observations of 21.4%. Therefore, the use of equipment flavored with sweet vanilla taste is promising as a means of environmental enrichment, being more interesting to piglets.

References

Bezerra BMO, Silva SSC, Oliveira AMA, Silva CVO, Parente RA, Andrade TS, Evangelista JNB, Pinheiro DCSN (2019) Avaliação do estresse e do desempenho de suínos na fase de creche, empregando-se técnicas de enriquecimento Ambiental. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia 71:281-290.

Broom DM (1991) Animal welfare: concepts and measurement. Journal of Animal Science 69:4167-4175.

Chen J, Lei Y, Zhang Y, He S, Liu L, Dong X (2020) Beyon sweetness: the high-intensity sweeteners and farm animals. Animal Feed Science and Technology. doi: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2020.114571

Coutinho GS, Magalhães PCM, Formigoni AS, Valle G R, Moreira AH (2014) Conforto térmico e manejo de suínos na maternidade levando em consideração o bem-estar animal. Revista Eletrônica Nutritime 11: 3109-3119.

Duengelhoef M (2010) Aditivos sensoriais. In: Vieira SL (ed) Consumo e preferência alimentar dos animais domésticos. Londrina, pp 290-315.

FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2019) FAO Agri-Environmental Indicators Update: Livestock. http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/environment/data/livestock-patterns/en/. Accessed on: June 28, 2020

FASS, Federation of Animal Science Societies (2010) Guide for the care and use

of agricultural animals in research and teaching. 3rd ed. Champaign (IL): FASS. http://www.fass.org. Accessed on: January 28, 2019.

Foppa L, Caldara FR, Machado SP, Moura R, Santos RKS, Nääs IA, Garcia RG (2014) Enriquecimento Ambiental e Comportamento De Suínos: Revisão. Brazilian Journal of Biosystems Engineering 8:01-07.

Foppa L, Caldara FR, Moura R, Machado SP, Nããs IA, Garcia RG, Gonlçalves LMP, Oliveira GF (2018) Pig’s behavioral response in nursery and growth phases to environmental enrichment objects. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research. doi: 10.5424/sjar/2018163-12303

Hellekant G, Danilova V (1999) Taste in domestic pig, Sus scrofa. Journal of Animal. Physiology and Animal Nutrition 82:8-24.

Jacela JY, DeRouchey JM, Tokach MD, Goodband RD, Nelssen JL, Renter DG, Dritz SS (2010) Feed additives for swine: Fact sheets – flavors and mold inhibitors, mycotoxin binders, and antioxidants. Journal of Swine Health and Production 18:27-32.

Zimmerman JJ, Karriker LA, Ramirez A, Schwartz KJ, Stevenson GW, Zhang J (ed) Diseases of Swine, Eleventh Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.  Hoboken.

Kare MR, Pond WC, Campbell J (1965) Observations on the taste reaction in pigs. Animal Behaviour 13:265-269.

Kelly HCR, Bruce JM, English PR, Fowler VR, Edwarsd SA (2000) Behaviour of 3-week weaned pigs in Straw-Flow, deep straw and flatdeck housing systems. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 68:269-280.

Kennedy JM, Baldwin BA (1972) Taste preferences in pigs for nutritive and non-nutritive sweet solutions.  Animal Behaviour 20:706-718.

 Mcdonald P, Edwards RA, Greenhalgh JFD, Morgan CA, Sinclair LA, Wilkison RG (2010) Mcdonald P, Edwards RA, Greenhalgh JFD, Morgan CA, Sinclair LA, Wilkison RG (ed). In: Animal Nutrition, 7th edn. Wiley, New York, pp. 461-477

Munro PJ, Lirette A, Anderson DM, Ju HY (2000) Effects of a new sweetener, Stevia, on performance of newly weaned pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 80:529-531.

Nasirahmadi A, Richter U, Hensel O, Edwards S, Sturm B (2015) Using machine vision for investigation of changes in pig group lying patterns. Computers and Eletronics in Agriculture 119: 184-190.

Nelson SL, Sanregret JD (1997) Response of Pigs to Bitter-tasting Compounds. Oxford University Press 22:129-132.

Padilha-Boaretto JB, Groff-Urayama PM, Einsfeld SM, Souza C, Mendes AS, Maeda EM, Takahashi SE (2020) Effect of environmental enrichment for piglets in the nursery phase. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. doi: 10.5713/ajas.20.0222

Roura E, Fu M (2017) Taste, nutrient sensing and feed intake in pigs (130 years of research: then, now and future). Animal Feed Science and Technology 233:3-12.

Roura E, Humphrey B, Klasing K, Swart M (2011) Is the pig a good umami sensig model for humans? A comparative taste receptor study. Flavour and Fragance Journal 26:282-285.

SAS Institute Inc (2013) SAS/ACCESS ® 9.4 Interface. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.

Sterk A, Schlegel P, Mul AJ, Ubbink-Blanksma M, Bruininx EMAM (2008) Effects of sweeteners on individual feed intake characteristics and performance in group-housed weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 86:2990-2997.

Scott K, Taylor L, Gill BP, Edwards SA (2006) Influence of different types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems: 1. Hanging toy versus rootable substrate. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 99:222-229.

Trickett SL, Guy JH, Edwards SA (2009) The role of novelty in environmental enrichment for the weaned pig. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 116:45-51.

Van de Weerd HA, Docking CM, Day JEL, Avery PJ, Edwards SA (2003) A systematic approach towards developing environmental enrichment for pigg. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 84:101-118.

Viana JM (2013) Comportamento de leitões desmamados em diferentes idades, desafiados em piscina. Theses, Universidade Federal de Viçosa.

Van de Weerd H, Ison S (2019) Providing Effective Environmental Enrichment to Pigs: How Far Have We Come? Animals. doi: 10.3390/ani9050254


Submitted date:
08/17/2020

Accepted date:
09/08/2020

5f8b5d470e88253318016d4c jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J Anim Behav Biometeorol

Share this page
Page Sections