Relationship between reproductive performance and meteorological variables in French Alpine goats in the northwestern part of Croatia
The study aimed to determine the relationship between reproductive performance, kidding distribution, and birth weight of French Alpine goats and meteorological variables in the northwestern part of Croatia throughout six consecutive years (from 2013 until 2018). During the study, French Alpine goats (n=948) on the 6 dairy goat farms, birthed 1025 goat kids after 893 successful matings (55 matings were unsuccessful) during six consecutive years. The average birth weight was 3.46±0.48 kg for females (n=478) and 3.71±0.51 kg for male kids (n=547). French Alpine does with single kids accounted for 85.89% (n=767), with twins 13.44% (n=120) and triplets 0.67% (n=6). The average litter size was 1.15, and the average parity was 2.95. The birth weight of goat kids in primiparous and pluriparous goats was not significantly different. Survival rate (until 1 month of age) was 93.66 % (n=960). French Alpine does fertility in northwestern Croatia, through six years was 94.18%. Seasonal kidding of French Alpine was distributed mostly on two seasons: winter (73.57%) and spring (24.52%) in the northwestern part of Croatia during six consecutive years 2013-2018. Observed differences in the kidding distribution per month during the years of observation were statistically significant (P = 0.018). The highest number of kidding was recorded in February in all years of observation. It can be concluded that there was not any relationship between monthly air temperature and precipitation amounts with tested reproductive performances in French Alpine dairy goats in the NW part of Croatia during the observed period.
Al-Shorepy SA, Alhadrami GA, Abdulwaha K (2002) Genetic and phenotypic parameters for early growth traits in Emirati goat. Small Rumin Res 45:217-223.
Amoah EA, Gelaye S, Guthrie P, Rexroad CE (1996) Breeding season and aspects of reproduction of female goats. J Anim Sci 74:723-728.
Arnal M, Robert-Granié C, Larroque H (2018) Diversity of dairy goat lactation curves in France. J Dairy Sci 101:11040–11051.
Chemineau P, Delgadillo JA (1994) Neuroendocrinologie de la reproduction chez les caprins. INRA Prod Anim 7:315-326.
Chemineau P, Daveau A, Maurice F, Delgadillo JA (1992) Seasonality of oestrus and ovulation is not modified by subjecting female Alpine goats to a tropical photoperiod. Small Rumin Res 8:299-312.
Chemineau P, Malpaux B, Brillard JP, Fostier A (2007) Seasonality of reproduction and production in farm fishes, birds and mammals. Animal 1:419–432.
Ćinkulov M, Nebesni A, Krajinović M, Pihler I, Žujović M (2009) Reproductive traits of German Fawn Goats in Vojvodina. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 25:119-124.
Coronato F (1999) Environmental impacts on offspring survival during the lambing period in central Patagonia. Int J Biometeorol 43:113–118.
Đuričić D, Dobranić T, Samardžija M, Vince S, Grizelj J (2009) Fruchtbarkeitsmerkmale der Burenziegen im nordwestlichen Teil Kroatiens. Tierarzt Umschau 64:384-388.
Djuricic D, Dobranic T, Harapin I, Lipar M, Prvanovic N, Grizelj J, Karadjole M, Gračner D, Folnožić I, Samardžija M (2010) The effects of air temperature and rainfall seasonal variations on reproductive efficiency in Boer goats. XIth Middle European Buiatrics Congress, 17–19 June, Brno Czech Republic, 191–194.
Đuričić D, Grizelj J, Dobranić T, Harapin I, Vince S, Kočila P, Folnožić I, Lipar M, Gregurić Gračner G, Samardžija M (2012) Reproductive performance of Boer goats in a moderate climate zone. Vet Arhiv 82: 351–358.
Đuričić D, Benić M, Žura Žaja I, Valpotić H, Samardžija M (2019a) The effects of monthly air temperature and rainfall variations on the reproductive performance and lambing distribution of the Jezersko-Solčava sheep. Int J Biometeorol 63:153–158. doi.org/10.1007/s00484-018-1646-8
Đuričić D, Benić M, Žura Žaja I, Valpotić H, Samardžija M (2019b) Influence of season, rainfall and air temperature on the reproductive efficiency in Romanov sheep in Croatia. Int J Biometeorol, 63:817–824. doi.org/10.1007/s00484-019-01696-z
Gorecki MT, Koscinski K (2003) Offspring sex ratio in domestic goat (Capra hircus). Archives of Animal Breeding 46:277–284.
Haldar A, Pal P, Datta M, Paul R, Pal SK, Majumdar D, Biswas CK, Pan S (2014) Prolificacy and its relationship with age, body weight, parity, previous litter size and body linear type traits in meat-type goats. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 27:628–634.
HPA (2018) Annual report for sheep, goats and small animals breeding 2017. (Eds. Sinković T, Čačić M), Zebra, Vinkovci [in Croatian]
Lehloenya KC, Greyling JPC, Schwalbach LMJ (2005) Reproductive performance of south African indigenous goats following oestrus synchronisation and AI. Small Rumin Res 57:115-120.
Mabrouk O, Sghaier N, Costa RG, Amor G, Amel BA E, Delgado J V (2010) The effect of non-genetic factors on the early body weights of Tunisian local goats. R Bras Zootec 39:1112-1117.
Mellado M, Meza-Herrera CA, Arévalo JR, De Santiago-Miramontes MA, Rodríguez A, Luna-Orozco JR, Veliz-Deras FG (2011) Relationship between litter birthweight and litter size in five goat genotypes. Anim Prod Sci 51(2):144-149. doi.org/10.1071/AN10112
Mioč B, Pavić V, Barać Z, Prpić Z, Vnučec I (2007) Milk yield of some goat breeds in Croatia. Mljekarstvo 57:67-77.
Perez-Razo MA, Sánchez FGF, Meza CH (1998) Factors affecting kid survival in five goat breeds. Can J Anim Sci 78:407-411.
Polák J, Mareš V, Konrád R, Frynta D (2015) Offspring sex ratio in domestic goats: Trivers-Willard out of natural selection. Czech J Anim Sci 60: 208–215.
Russo VM, Cameron AWN, Dunshea FR, Tilbrook AJ, Leury BJ (2013): Artificially extending photoperiod improves milk yield in dairy goats and is most effective in late lactation. Small Rumin Res 113:179–186.
Skinner JD (1972) Utilisation of the Boer goat for intensive animal production. Trop Anim Health Prod 4:120-128.
Seabo D, Aganga AA, Mosienyane M (1994) Reproductive performance of Tswana ewes and Boer does in south-eastern Botswana. 3th Biennal Conference of the African Small Ruminant Research Network, Kampala, Uganda, 5-9 December 1994.
Song HB, Jo IH, Sol HS (2006) Reproductive performance of Korean native goats under natural and intensive conditions. Small Rumin Res 65:284-287.
Sušić V, Pavić V, Mioč B, Štoković I, Ekert Kabalin A (2005) Seasonal variations in lamb birth weight and mortality. Vet arhiv 75:375–381.
Tolu C, Savas S, Pala A, Thomsen H (2007) Effects of goat social rank on kid gender. Czech J Anim Sci 52:77-82.
Zaninovic K, Gajic-Capka M, Percec Tadic M (2008) Climate atlas of Croatia 1961–1990, 1971–2000. Zagreb, Državni hidrometeorološki zavod [in Croatian].