Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
https://jabbnet.com/article/doi/10.31893/jabb.21024
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
Short Communication Open Access

Relationship between protective maternal behavior and some reproductive variables in zebu-type cows (Bos indicus)

María Fernanda Enriquez, Libia Pérez-Torres, Agustín Orihuela, Ivette Rubio, Manuel Corro, Carlos Salvador Galina

Downloads: 1
Views: 220

Abstract

To determine a possible relationship between protective maternal behavior and some reproductive variables in zebu cows, 30 cow-calf pairs were estrus synchronized at 25 days post-partum. No differences were observed in the number of cows displaying estrus or ovulating between those cows reacting to more calves with higher intensity, and the rest of the herd (P > 0.05). However, significant negative correlations were found between cows reacting to more calves and the presence of follicles (-0.39; P = 0.03), and cows displaying a more intense reaction toward their calf and estrous display (-0.46; P = 0.01). Current results suggest that protective maternal components might affect some reproductive variables.

Keywords

beef cattle, estrus, mother-calf association, ovarian activity, postpartum activity, temperament

References

Baruselli PS, Reis EL, Marques MO, Nasser LF, Bó GA (2004) The use of hormonal treatments to improve reproductive performance of anestrous beef cattle in tropical climates. Animal Reproduction Science 82:479-486.

Buddenberg BJ, Brown CJ, Johnson ZB, Honea RS (1986) Maternal behavior of beef cows at parturition. Journal of Animal Science 62:42–46.

Chenoweth P (1994) Aspects of reproduction in female Bos indicus cattle: a review. Australian Veterinary Journal 71:422-426.

Cooke RF, Arthington JD, Araujo DB, Lamb GC (2009) Effects of acclimation to human interaction on performance, temperament, physiological responses, and pregnancy rates of Brahman-crossbred cattle. Journal of Animal Science 87:4125–4132.

Cooke RF, Schubach KM, Marques RS, Peres RF, Silva LG, Carvalho RS, Cipriano RS, Bohnert DW, Pires AV, Vasconcelos JL (2017) Effects of temperament on physiological, productive, and reproductive responses in beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 95:1-8.

Cziszter LT, Gavojdian D, Neamt R, Neciu F, Kusza S, Ilie DE (2016) Effects of temperament on production and reproductive performances in Simmental dual-purpose cows. Journal of Veterinary Behavior 15:50-55.

Díaz R, Galina CS, Rubio I, Corro M, Pablos JL, Orihuela A (2018) Monitoring changes in back fat thickness and its effect on the restoration of ovarian activity and fertility in Bos indicus cows. Reproduction of Domestic Animals 53:495-501.

Flörcke C, Engle TE, Grandin T, Deesing MJ (2012) Individual differences in calf defense patterns in Red angus bed cows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 139:203-208.

Haile-Mariam M, Bowman PJ, Goddard ME (2004) Genetic parameters of fertility traits and their correlation with production, type, workability, live weight, survival index, and cell count. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 55:77-87.

Haskell MJ, Simm G, Turner SP (2014) Genetic selection for temperament traits in dairy and beef cattle. Frontiers in Genetics 5:368.

Kasimanickam R, Asay M, Schroeder S, Kasimanickam V, Gay JM, Kastelic JP, Hall JB, Whittier WD (2014) Calm Temperament Improves Reproductive Performance of Beef Cows. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 49:1063–1067.

Mondragón V, Galina CS, Rubio I, Corro M, Salmerón F (2016) Effect of restricted suckling on the onset of follicular dynamics and body condition score in Brahman cattle raised under tropical conditions. Animal Reproduction Science 167:89–95.  

Morris CA, Cullen NG, Kilgour R, Bremner KJ (1994) Some genetic factors affecting temperament in Bos taurus cattle. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 37:167–175.

Orihuela A, Pérez-Torres L, Ungerfeld R (2020) The time relative to parturition does not affect the behavioral or aggressive reactions in zebu cows (Bos indicus). Livestock Science 234:103978.

Pérez-Torres L, Orihuela A, Corro M, Rubio I, Cohen A, Galina CS (2014) Maternal protective behavior of zebu type cattle (Bos indicus) and its association with temperament. Journal of Animal Science 92:4694–4700.

Pérez-Torres L, Rubio I, Corro M, Cohen A, Orihuela A, Galina CS, Pablos JL (2015) A pre-synchronization program at early postpartum might increase the chances of Bos indicus cows cycling prior to 50 days regardless of the length of calf separation. Journal of Reproduction and Development 61:199–203.

Sewalem A, Miglior F, Kisteman GJ (2011) Genetic parameters of milking temperament and milking speed in Canadian Holsteins. Journal of Dairy Science 94:512-516.

Short RE, Bellows RA, Staigmiller RB, Berardinelli JG, Custer E (1990) Physiological mechanisms controlling anestrus and infertility in postpartum beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 68:799–816.


Submitted date:
01/26/2021

Reviewed date:
02/26/2021

Accepted date:
02/27/2021

60311c120e8825335d525757 jabbnet Articles
Links & Downloads

J Anim Behav Biometeorol

Share this page
Page Sections